কাবাব চিনি/Cubeb Pepper, উপকারিতা/An overview of the health benefits:

কাবাব চিনি/Cubeb Pepper
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কাবাব চিনি
কাবাব চিনি লতানো বৃক্ষারোহী গুল্ম। এর কা- বাঁকা। পাতা বহু শিরাযুক্ত, ৫-৬ ইঞ্চি লম্বা হয় ও ডিম্বাকৃতির হয়ে থাকে। বৃন্ত মোটা। পুষ্পদ-ে ঘন ঘন ফুল হয়। ফল হয় গোলাকার, অনেকটা গোলমরিচের মতো। কাবাব চিনির বোঁটা লম্বা ও ফলের সঙ্গে থাকে। ফলের খোসার আবরণ কোঁকড়ানো ও একটি বীজ হয়।

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লেখক : সিনিয়র কনসালট্যান্ট, হারবাল মেডিসিন, ইউনানি মেডিক্যাল হল
৪০ কমিশনার মার্কেট (দ্বিতীয় তলা), ফার্মগেট, ঢাকা।
Pepper is a familiar herb to most people.  After all, most of us use this spice daily in the kitchen.  However, a variety of pepper, cubeb pepper (Piper cubeba) remains largely unknown in the US and western Europe.  Black pepper appears much more commonly in our diet.

Arab doctors first recognized the healing effects of cubeb pepper in the 9th century and brought these small round pepper berries to Europe. Much later, in the Middle Ages, Saint Hildegard of Bingen recognized the positive effects cubeb pepper on human health as a part of her klosterheilkunde.
Cubeb pepper (Piper cubeba) or Java pepper belongs to the pepper family (Piperaceae). This climbing plant grows up to ten meters, with dark green, leathery leaves, as much as 15 cm in length.
The cubeb pepper plant possesses inconspicuous white flowers. The female flowers later develop into round, soft berries with a fruit diameter of five mm. They have a slightly wrinkled surface and a stem about one cm long. 
These small peppers possess the distinguishing feature of a small tail or stem.
Cubeb pepper draws on a long history as a medicinal plant.  Like many herbal remedies, used for centuries in monastic medicine, experience traces over millennia, with centuries of careful records preserved by monks and nuns. Much of Hildegard of Bingen’s writings on healing result from vast experience, assembled over centuries to create the body of medieval medical treatments.
Separately, in Traditional Chinese Medicine Cubeb pepper associates, along with other spices, as a part of an aphrodisiac, later considered an “Oriental Happiness Pills”.
Benefits of Cubeb Pepper and Fields of Use
Cubeb pepper is mainly known to address minor symptoms of inflammation, particularly of the urinary tract. 
Cubeb pepper in folk medicine
Treating mild inflammation represents the primary application for Cubeb pepper in folk and monastic medicine. 
Dried cubeb berries contain an essential oil consisting of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. The terpenes contained in the berries of the plant have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
Cubeb relieves headaches and dizziness, serves as an aphrodisiac and promotes concentration.  Mortared cubeb pepper powder has a stimulating effect when smoked.
In gastritis and digestion
Cubeb peppers are also used to treat gastritis or to strengthen the gastrointestinal tract. Cubeb pepper promotes digestive activity by stimulating salivation and the production of gastric juices.  Cubeb is especially potent after eating high-fat and hard to digest meals.
Used as a homeopathic remedy, it helps patients with severe flatulence and upset digestion.
For respiratory conditions and chronic bronchitis
Indian folk medicine (Ayurveda) recognizes the mucus-dissolving properties of this age-old medicinal plant. Cubeb pepper remains in active use in Ayurveda today as a cough-suppressant for mild bronchitis, nagging cough, and generally to address respiratory symptoms.
Moderate stress and anxiety
Chewing some whole grains reduces stress and anxiety, promotes attention, relieves headaches and dizziness (in Germany these berries are also known as dizzy seeds), and generally improves physical and mental performance.
They are also used in folk medicine for memory problems, sadness and depression.
Cubeb Pepper – An overview of the health benefits:
Alleviates mild inflammation of the urinary tract.
Improves mild respiratory conditions, such as mild chronic bronchitis.
Strengthens the gastrointestinal tract.
Promotes concentration and improves mild circulatory problems resulting in headaches.
Mortared cubeb has stimulating properties when smoked.
The resin contained in the cubeb berries has an astringent effect and slows bleeding by narrowing blood vessels.
Dosage of Cubeb Pepper
In Hildegard of Bingen medicine, cubeb pepper appears most commonly in the form of tablets (pellets from the fruit powder) or whole cubeb fruits.  Naturopathy and holistic healing techniques value the cubeb berries just before they become ripe. Crushed cubeb pepper grains, processed into powder or pressed pellets, are only used internally.
Depending on the type and extent of the condition to be addressed, typically, naturopathy prescribes 2 to 4 grams of cubeb powder daily. Alternatively, chew 3-6 cubeb berries daily (or swallow the appropriate dose as tablets/pressed pellets). 
In case of acute ailments an hourly intake of one fruit is recommended until improvement. Hildegard von Bingen recommended chewing 2 pieces of cubeb pepper several times a day to enhance mental strength.
Side Effects of Cubeb Pepper
To avoid negative side effects, avoid exceeding a maximum dose of 10 grams per day. Side effects may include headaches, anxiety, vomiting, urinary tract irritation, kidney and bladder pain, diarrhea and skin rashes.
Hildegard von Bingen also recommended the combination of cubeb pepper with Bertram, licorice, nutmeg, as well as violet wine, fennel tea, psyllium husk, or lavender wine and Hildegard cookies. 
source: https://healthyhildegard.com/cubeb-pepper-piper-cubeba/

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